Marital Satisfaction and Job Commitment of Nigerian Nurses: Implications for Family Value System

Main Article Content

Olutope E. Akinnawo
Bede C. Akpunne
Kehinde A. Ahmed
Ibukunoluwa B. Bello


Aim: Work and family domains are interdependent. Job commitment is very important for both employees and employers. The study aims to examine the implications of marital satisfaction and job commitment to the Nigerian family value system.

Study Design: Cross-sectional survey design.

Place and Duration of Study: Redeemer’s University Osun State, South-West Nigeria.

Methodology: A total of 259 nurses (50 males and 209 females) purposively selected from two general hospitals in Osun State Nigeria responded to Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale (EMSS) and Organisational Commitment Scale (OCS). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analysis.

Results: Age was observed to have a significant inverse relationship with job commitment and identification. Length of marriage has a significant inverse relationship with job identification. Marital satisfaction (R² =.073, p=.005), age (R² = .022, p= .015), and length of marriage (R² = .001, p =.035) were found to significantly predict job commitment. Also job status had significant influence on identification (t (256) = 2.35, p=019) and job commitment (t (257) = 2.49. p=.014).

Conclusion: Authors concluded that age is inversely related to job commitment as well as job identification, that marital satisfaction, age, and length of marriage are significant independent predictors of job commitment among nurses. For positive job commitment appreciation of family value systems and employees, marital satisfaction should be among employers’ top priority. Organisational policies that promote work-life balance should be encouraged especially in healthcare institutions.

Marital satisfaction, job commitment, family values, nurses

Article Details

How to Cite
E. Akinnawo, O., C. Akpunne, B., A. Ahmed, K., & B. Bello, I. (2019). Marital Satisfaction and Job Commitment of Nigerian Nurses: Implications for Family Value System. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health, 2(2), 1-9. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


Omolayo B, Owolabi, AB. Monetary reward: a predictor of employees’ commitment to medium scale organizational in Nigeria. Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. 2007;4(1).

Sonnentag S, Mojza EJ, Binnewies C, Scholl A. Being engaged at work and detached at home: A week-level study on work engagement, psychological detachment, and affect. Work & Stress. 2008;22:257276.

Spector PE. Job satisfaction. Application, assessment, causes and consequences. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc; 1997.

Wegge J, Schmidt K, Parked C, Van Dick, K. Taking a Sickie: Job satisfaction and job involvement. Life Science Journal interactive predictors of absenteeism in a public organisation. Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology. 2007;80:77-89.

Dirani KM, Kuchinke KP. Job satisfaction and organisational commitment: Validating the Arabic Satisfaction and Commitment Questionnaire (ASCQ), testing the correlations and investigating the effects of demographic variables in the Lebanese banking sector. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 2011; 22(5):1180-1202.

Allen NJ, Meyer JP. The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organisation. Journal of Occupational Psychology. 1990;63:1-18. Available:

Cuberman N. APA – Niosh work & Health 99 organisation of work in a Global Economy – Abstracts.
Available:;10(6s). Life Science Journal 2000.

Campo RD. Work & family stress Department of family & consumer sciences. New Mexico State University; 2000.

Kinnunen U, Malin A. Mäkikangas, A. The relationship of marital satisfaction and job satisfaction to psychological distress among partners. Psykologia. 2005;40:532-540.

Mangeli M, Ramezani T, Mangeli S. The effect of educating about common changes in pregnancy period and the way to cope with them on marital satisfaction of pregnant women. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2009;8(2):305– 13.

Rogers SJ, May DC. Spillover between marital quality and job satisfaction: long-term patterns and gender differences 2003

Lee C, Chen C. The relationship between employee commitment and job attitude and its effect on service quality in the tourism industry. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management. 2013;3:196-208.

Andrew A. Employees’ commitment and Its impact on organisational performance. Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 2017;5(2):1-13, AJEBA.38396.
[ISSN: 2456-639X]

Blaine JF, David HO, ENRICH marital satisfaction scale: A brief research and clinical tool. Journal of Family Psychology. 1993;7(2):176-185.

Buchanan B. Building organisational commitment: The socialization of managers in work organisations. Administrative Science Quarterly. 1974; 19:533-546.

Uzonwanne FC. Marital stress and job involvement among Pilots and other employees at an air force base in Lagos, Nigeria. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2014;31(1).

Anafarta N. The relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction: A Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) approach. International Journal of Business and Management. 2011;6(4).

Onuoha CU, Idemudia ES. When life's good: Gendered marital satisfaction and work-pay satisfaction influences on organisational commitment of advancement-career-stage employees. Journal of Psychology in Africa. 2018;28:6:449-454.
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2018.1544394

Md-Sidin S, Sambasivan M, Ismail I. Relationship between work-family conflict and quality of life: An investigation into the role of social support. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 2010;25(1):58-81.

Steenbergen VF, Ellemers N, Elianne F. Is managing the work-family interface worthwhile? Benefits for employee health and performance. Journal of Organisational Behavior. 2009;30:617-642.

Höge T. When work strain transcends psychological boundaries: an inquiry into the relationship between time pressure, irritation, work-family conflict and psychosomatic complaints. Stress and Health. 2009;25:41-51.

Nadeem MS, Abbas Q. The impact of work life conflict on job satisfaction of employees in Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Management. 2009;4(5):63-83.

Angle HL, Perry JL. An empirical assessment of organisational commitment and organisational effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 1981. 27,1-14.

Dodd-McCue D, Wright GB. Men, women & attitudinal commitment: the effects of workplace experiences and socialization. Human Relations, 1996;49:1065-1089.

Pourghaz A, Tamini, KB, Karamad, A. Do demographic characteristics make a difference to job satisfaction, organisational commitment and burnout among travel agency drivers? (A Case Study in Iran). Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research. 2011;1:916-923

Trachtenberg VJ, Anderson AS, Sabatelli, MR. Work-home conflict and domestic violence: A test of a conceptual model. Journal of Family Violence. 2009;24:471-483.

Boyar SL, Maertz Jr. CP, Mosley Jr. CD, Carr CJ. The impact of work/family demand on work-family conflict. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 2008;23(3):215-235.

Kim WG, Leong JK, Lee YK. Effect of service orientation on job satisfaction, organisational commitment, and intention of leaving in a casual dining chain restaurant. Hospitality Management. 2005; 24:171-193.

Bass LB, Butler BA, Grzywacz GJ, Linney DK. Work-family conflict and job satisfaction: Family resources as a buffer. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 2008;10(1): 24-30.